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Raw rubber and viscoelastic properties of organoclay filled latex crepe rubber

Authors:

H. G. I. M. Wijesinghe ,

Uva Wellassa University, LK
About H. G. I. M.
Faculty of Animal Science and Export Agriculture
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U. N. Ratnayake,

Rubber Research Institute of Sri Lanka, Telawala Road, Ratmalana, LK
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A. Alakolanga,

Uva Wellassa University, LK
About A.
Faculty of Animal Science and Export Agriculture
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N. S. Withanage

Uva Wellassa University, LK
About N. S.
Faculty of Animal Science and Export Agriculture
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Abstract

Organoclay (OC) filled natural rubber (NR) latex crepe was prepared in view of investigating the effect of organoclay on raw rubber properties and viscoelastic properties by incorporating aqueous dispersion of OC clay into NR latex followed by conventional acid coagulation procedure.

 

Raw rubber properties of OC filled fractionated bleached (FB) and unfractionated unbleached (UFUB) crepe rubber were evaluated to characterized the composite samples in comparison to standard crepe rubber whilst process based characterization was carried out with Moony viscosity and Mooney relaxation data. Raw rubber properties have shown that OC acts as a pro-oxidant and as a result, Initial Plasticity (Po) and Plasticity Retention Index (PRI) which measures the thermo-oxidative degradation were negatively affected. Viscoelastic behaviour, as measured with low shear strain rate flow properties, is significantly affected by the addition of OC into the NR latex. Reduction of Mooney viscosity of OC filled crepe rubber has been explained with thermal oxidation as a result of metal impurities in the OC and plasticization caused by the organic modifier of the OC. Mooney stress relaxation has shown that lower clay loading provides a better processability and dispersion of OC within the crepe rubber.
How to Cite: Wijesinghe, H.G.I.M., Ratnayake, U.N., Alakolanga, A. and Withanage, N.S., 2015. Raw rubber and viscoelastic properties of organoclay filled latex crepe rubber. Journal of the Rubber Research Institute of Sri Lanka, 95, pp.39–57. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jrrisl.v95i0.1835
Published on 31 Dec 2015.
Peer Reviewed

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